Singulair is a brand name for the medication montelukast, which belongs to a class of drugs called leukotriene receptor antagonists. It is primarily prescribed for the treatment of asthma and seasonal allergies. Here is some information about Singulair:
Treatment of Asthma and Allergies
Singulair (montelukast) is commonly used to manage the symptoms of asthma in both adults and children. It helps to control and prevent asthma symptoms, such as wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and coughing. It can also be used for the prevention of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction.
Additionally, Singulair is used for the relief of seasonal allergic rhinitis (hay fever) symptoms, including sneezing, runny nose, itching, and nasal congestion.
Mechanism of Action
Singulair works by blocking the action of leukotrienes, which are inflammatory substances released in the body in response to certain triggers, such as allergens or irritants. By blocking leukotrienes, Singulair helps to reduce inflammation in the airways and alleviate symptoms associated with asthma and allergies.
Dosage and Administration
Singulair is available in tablet form and is typically taken orally, usually once daily in the evening for asthma control or seasonal allergies. The dosage will vary depending on the age of the patient and the specific condition being treated. It is important to follow the dosage instructions provided by a healthcare professional.
Precautions and Potential Side Effects
Singulair is generally well-tolerated, but like any medication, it can have potential side effects. Common side effects may include headache, gastrointestinal disturbances (such as nausea or diarrhea), and flu-like symptoms. These side effects are usually mild and temporary.
Rarely, Singulair may cause more serious side effects, such as mood or behavior changes, including agitation, irritability, anxiety, depression, or suicidal thoughts. It is important to seek medical attention if any concerning side effects occur.
Consultation with Healthcare Professional
Singulair is a prescription medication, and its use should be supervised by a healthcare professional. It is important to consult with a doctor or pulmonologist/allergist to discuss your specific condition, determine the appropriate dosage, and assess any potential underlying causes of asthma or allergies.
WARNING: Please consult with a healthcare professional or doctor for personalized advice and guidance regarding the use of Singulair or any other medication for the treatment of asthma or allergies. They will be able to provide specific instructions based on your medical history and individual needs.
^ Jump up to:ab“Elsevier – Drug Monograph │Montelukast”. Elsevier’s Healthcare Hub. 4 March 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2023. Montelukast and its metabolites are excreted almost exclusively via the bile; less than 0.2% of the drug is excreted in urine. Mean elimination half-life (half-life) of montelukast is 2.7 to 5.5 hours in healthy young adults.
^ Scott JP, Peters-Golden M (September 2013). “Antileukotriene agents for the treatment of lung disease”. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 188 (5): 538–544. doi:10.1164/rccm.201301-0023PP. PMID23822826.